Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Psychiatrist, Professor. Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Fellowship of infectious diseases, Professor. Mycobacteriology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD student of Psychology. Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Ph.D. student of Psychology. Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

5 GP student. Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Background and purpose:Tuberculosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world. The stigma that is applied by the society, and isolation of the patients due to the contagiousness of the disease, affect the mental health of tubercular patients. Patients with the primary shock of the disease diagnosis, usually experience the denial process which would result in distorted cognitive distortions about the disease. Thus, the goal of current study was evaluating and comparing of the cognitive distortions of tubercular patients and healthy people.
Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study which cognitive distortions of the tubercular patients and healthy people (hospital staff) were compared in it. Hundred persons were selected by random method for each group. Instruments that were used included the structured demographic questionnaire and cognitive distortions scale.
Results:Patients used overgeneralization and personalization cognitive distortions significantly (PV≤0.01) more than healthy people. Women patients used emotional reasoning and overgeneralization and men patients used labeling more than others.

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation and Comparison of the Cognitive Distortions of Tubercular Patients and Healthy People


Main Subjects

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